Sentence Fragments

A sentence fragment contains less than one main clause.

A phrase is a group of words without a complete subject and a complete verb.

To see the difference between a clause and a phrase, look at the following charts.

A clause always has a complete subject and a complete verb.

The Clause

svone subject and one verb
(s)van implied subject (a command) and one verb
sssvvvmore than one subject and more than one verb
sssvmore than one subject and only one verb
svvvonly one subject and more than one verb
vsone verb (an inversion) and one subject

A phrase is always missing something.

The Phrase

s-a complete subject and no verb
-vno subject and a complete verb
s1/2a complete subject and a half verb
-1/2no subject and a half verb
--no subject and no verb

Note:

Example:

(in the Hawaiian chain) (of eight islands)

Example:

(each island having its own special characteristics)

Example:

(to signify its individuality)